The earliest known coffee drinking appears to be recorded in the middle of the 15th century in shrines in Yemen. It was there that the first coffee sees where roasted and brewed in a way that was very similar to how it is prepared today. Coffee is a brewed drink made from roasted, ground coffee beans. The beans are the berries (or cherries) from the Coffea plant. Coffee plants are cultivated in over 70 countries around the world but primarily in Latin America, Southeast Asia, India and Africa. Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world and can be prepared in a number of different ways. Green coffee beans are one of the most valuable exports of developing countries.
Growing and farming
PNG has a subtropical climate, which is ideal for coffee growing. With around 2000mm of annual rainfall, and altitude of 1500-2000 meters, PNG has naturally fertile soil and perfect temperatures for growing coffee. Arabica coffee is grown in the PNG inlands at high altitude and on terrain that suits this type of bean. Recently the Robusta beans have been introduced to the lower lying costal areas, this is they only place they can be grown as the highlands are not suitable.
Ways to serve coffee
Coffee drinks are made by brewing ground coffee with hot water. There are endless amounts of ways to serve coffee, in different strengths, by adding steamed milk or foam, sweeteners, flavours and sometimes with alcoholic liqueurs.
Sometimes coffee makers use the steamed milk that they pour into brewed espresso to create a pattern or design onto the surface of a coffee drink. There are two main types of art, free pouring – where the steamed milk is poured from a jug onto the brewed coffee. The second is etching – which is where a tool is used to create the design after the milk has been poured.